Jama Coaque

The Jama Coaque culture was located in the province of Manabí, from the Bay of Carpaquez to the Bay of Cojimíes, along the Banks of the Chone River. This forested region is a transition zone between the humid northern coast and the arid southern coast.

This culture is well known for its pottery, which shows strong Chorrera influence. They also made significant advances in working with metals and obsidian, indicating that they engaged in trade with the Sierra. Jama Coaque potters made use of the pastillage technique to create highly elaborate figures. They also resorted to modeling, negative painting, slip and post-fired painting, which is remarkable for its unique use of strong tones of yellow and turquoise green. They made a wide-ranging variety of flat and cylindrical stamps.

Their iconography was similar to that of their neighbors –the Guangala— featuring representations of larvae and maggots, molluscs, polypeds, and, much like their surrounding cultures, reptiles, birds and mammals. Their human figures represented dancers, priests, musicians and shamans. They also created anthropozoomorphic figures, evidencing their proximity to the ritual and spiritual world.