Guangala

The Guangala culture settled in the area from the northern part of the province of Manabí to the provinces of Santa Elena and Guayas and also reached territories farther east such as the Chongón and Colonche mountain ranges in the Guayas. Guangala settlements were small and generally scattered along riverbanks in order to have access to fresh water.

Guangala is a direct heir of the Chorrera tradition. Its pottery techniques included iridescent painting, polychrome coloring, and polishing. Polypodal shapes (curved with pointed ends) similar to roots or tubers are recurrent. These forms were filled with stones or seeds to be used as rattles. The Guangala culture also made use of materials such as metal and stone. A distinctive characteristic of this culture was the large number of musical instruments found in its settlements. Numerous whistles –possibly used for ceremonial purposes—have been found, most of which represented zoomorphic figures such as dogs and birds. Representations of larvae and maggots, crustaceans, molluscs, fish, reptiles and a large variety of birds and mammals have also been found.